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Ensemble of residential houses
Building 28 opens an ensemble of the residential complex, built in 1939-40 on Leninsky Prospekt, at that time – Bolshaya Kaluzhskaya street. It is as if a continuation of the complex of the houses built by architect A. Arkin, located on Gagarin square.
According to the Plot Plan of 1935, Bolshaya Kaluzhskaya street was supposed to become a new straight arterial road, connecting the center of the city and its outskirts. In accordance with this plan, each section of the street, each quarter was designed "as a integral ensemble", included in the architectural complex of the capital.
Eleven houses on the even side of Leninsky Prospect, built by the architect A. Mordvinov with the participation of D. Chechulin and G. Goltz, became one of such outstanding architectural ensembles.
High-rise apartment buildings were creating a complete spatial urban conglomerate. At the same time, large capacity of the houses facilitated the housing problem, actual at that time in the fast growing capital of Russia. The apartments welcomed the employees of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the bureau of which was located in the Neskuchny garden (Leninsky Prospect, 14), as well as families of employees of KGB and Ministry of Defense.
The architectural complex on the newly established Leninsky Prospekt was erected using innovative rapid-flow method, combining the schedule with the maximum use of prefabricated components and structures.
House 28 is an exact copy of the house number 20, as well as a mirror image of the house number 24 on Leninsky Prospekt. Houses 28 and 24 form an ensemble with the house 26, which stands far away from the red line in the middle of the block. Together these three buildings are a classical composition: the main house far from the red line, and the two wings on its sides.