RU

Do not forget to use our mobile app. It will make your journey around the city way more interesting.

Aleksandrinsky (Neskuchniy) Palace

Leninsky Prospect, 14
3.48
Characters of Ilf and Petrov Ostap Bender and Kisa Vorobianinov searched for "precious chairs" in this building.
+ -

U-shaped chambers built in 1756 are at the foundation of the building located at 14 Leninsky Prospekt. This is the main manor house created by P.A. Demidov, the son of the famous Ural industrialist and amateur gardener.

Balcony with columns was placed between risalits of the facade garden. Demidov was buying land from several Moscow landlords and registering plots at the name of his wife. F.I. Soymonov’s house with garden was acquired in 1754. Soymonov was famouse navigator and cartographer. This property rounded the plot, and the estate was taken all the space that lies between the "moat and roads where people go from of the Vestments-position church to the Moscow River."

"Petitioner of nobleman P.A. Demidov and his wife Matryona Antipova" was preserved on April 10, 1756 .They ask a permition to build a "stone chambers." There is also a resolution "allowed to build in accordance with the architect Yakovlev’s plan attached." Courtyard in front of the house was surrounded by stone life- and cast iron fences, cast at Demidov’s factories. Terraced garden with flowers and trees brought from overseas was arranged behind the house on the banks of the Moscow River.

Large property of manufacturer F.I. Serikov was near there. The southern part of this property moved to F.G. Orlov in 1786. Vyazemskys purchased the Serikov’s and Demidov’s properties after the death of Demidov. F.G. Orlov bought it seven years later. Infant daughter of A.G. Orlov Chesmensky, the brother of F.G. Orlov inherited the entire territory in 1796, after the death of A.G. Orlov.

Demidov’s Chambers became the main house. It was rebuilt in 1804 in crushed forms of mature classicism. The central portico on the Rizal of the main facade is peculiar: four pairs of Corinthian columns are supporting decorative wall cut by arches, which extend in a third floor window. Strongly protruding semi-circular balconies were placed on low columns in front of the flat side risalits.

A.A. Orlova sold a huge manor to the Tsar’s Court administration in 1832. It was called Neskuchny garden. Orlova’s house becomes the main building of the estate. The estate was arranged for the wife of the Tsar Nicholas I and was name Aleksandrinsky after her. The latest restructuring of the palace happened at that time. It was led by architects Tyurin and Mironovsky.

The palace became the center of the royal residence, an alley with sculptural groups symbolizing abundance (designed by the sculptor Vitali in 1846) led from the front gate to the palace, opening the front gate.

Freylinsky and Cavalry Corps were decorated the front yard. S mall guardhouse was built next to these corps. Cast-iron fountain fit very well in this ensemble.

It is interesting to know that the fountain appeared here almost a century later, in 1936, when The Main Bureau of the USSR Academy of Sciences moved from Leningrad to the Aleksandrinsky Summer Palace. Earlier fountain stood in Lubyanka Square, where it served as Diversion pool where drinking water was supplied from Mytischinsky plumbing system.

Another interesting episode of palace life is associated with the first post-revolutionary decade. Moscow Museum of furniture was located here during those years. It was described in the book "12 chairs" by Ilf and Petrov. Two main characters of the book Ostap Bender and Kisa Vorobianinov searched for "precious chairs" in this building.

Interesting

Houses
Ensemble of residential houses

Ensemble of residential houses

Leninsky prospect, 28

The residential complex on Leninsky Prospect for the employees of the Academy of Science of USSR and Committee of the State Security (KGB) in 1939-40. Architects were awarded the Stalin Prize.

(no votes)
Houses
Hunting lodge

Hunting lodge

9/29 Krimsky Val street

Since 1990, the television program "What? Where? When?" Is being filmed in the former estate of Trubetskoy Pavilion.

(no votes)
Houses
The academy house

The academy house

Leninsky Prospect, 13

This house was built by Alexey Shchusev for the Academy of Sciences.

3.3
Monuments
Mobius strip

Mobius strip

Komsomol prospectus, 21/10

After this sculpture, the "Klein bottle" should also appear logically.

(no votes)
Houses
12 Leninsky prospect

12 Leninsky prospect

12 Leninsky prospect

This is one of eleven buildings included in the Academy of Science of the USSR complex constructed using a new high-speed line method.

(no votes)
Houses
Graf Orlov’s summer houses

Graf Orlov’s summer houses

9/8 Krimsky Val

The Royal family used the house for open air tea parties during its stay in Moscow.

3.11
Houses
The textile institute’s dorm

The textile institute’s dorm

8/9 Ordzhonikidze street

Three-part, two-hundred meters long building resembling a plane is a dorm residential complex accommodating two thousand students.

Rating: 3.2
Houses
Vanny house

Vanny house

9/35 Krimsky Val Street

Vanny house is one of three surviving pre-revolutionary park pavilions of Nescuchny garden. Furthermore, there are still summer and hunting lodge in the garden.

3.44
Places
Central park of culture and recreation named after Maxim Gorky (Gorky park)

Central park of culture and recreation named after Maxim Gorky (Gorky park)

The park for culture and recreation opened on August 12, 1928 and occupied the territory of the All-Russian Agricultural, Handicraft and Industrial Exhibition operated here since 1923.

(no votes)
Houses
Donskoy monastery

Donskoy monastery

1 Donskaya Square

One of the most well preserved monasteries of Moscow become a second home for rescued architectural masterpieces.

4
Places
Neskuchniy garden

Neskuchniy garden

In the old days along the Kaluga road - modern Leninsky Prospekt - located the noble country estates of the nobility and wealthy merchants.

(no votes)