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All-union central council headquarters building
The original building was projected for the International Lenin School, as part of a large school complex where students from all over the world can learn, but only housing dormitories were built. Further there is a peculiar composition of the six stretched volumes connected at 90 degree angle forming a beautiful zigzag, was rebuilt by the needs of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions.
The initial project was designed by architect A.V. Vlasov in 1931 in the forms typical for an architectural avant-garde of the late 1920's. Then the project changed many times because of the general evolution of the customers’ perceptions of in the style of Soviet architecture while it was becoming more monumental as time passed by. Most of the authors of projects began to use simple order and more - order form in the spirit of the late XIX century historicism and neo classic style of 1910s during those years.
While performing the design of one of the most representative architectural complexes, conceived to propagate communist ideas, Vlasov dodged to decoratively, having developed more than twenty versions of the new facades and recompose all the elements of the ensemble. Vlasov was able to implement its revised draft only in the form of reconstruction of the angular parts of the "zigzag" formed by the corps dorms. Neither a big auditorium of a rounded shape, nor many other buildings of the Lenin School were implemented.
Corners of the former dormitories have a very peculiar surface finish that resembles the image of the illusory architecture in Pompeian frescoes : in 1935, Vlasov visited Italy. Thin columns supporting the canopy over the balcony, run through four floors and located in a recess formed giant overhangs.
Recessed facade walls form giant balconies, their slanted perspective coffered ceilings finished hanging over the entire facade and visually even more of their profundity. Rotation of each corner facade enhances the angles, which are perceived by all forms of the exquisite scenery.