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Bakhrushin tenement building on Tverskaya

Tverskaya street, 12
(no votes)
A five-storey residential tenement building with shops on the first two floors was built on a lot, which was owned by the Partnership "A. Bakhrushin sons", by the architect Carl Gippius in 1900-1901.
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Carl Gippius was a famous Moscow architect, who built a lot of properties for Bakhrushin family. There are different trends in his work, motifs of modern. French Art Nouveau motifs are clearly present in this tenement building. Its facade has a quaint lush decor - one of the most characteristic examples of the Moscow Art Nouveau. The most memorable decorative element of the house are the metal balcony rails which look like thin stems with swaying flower-buds.

Two bay windows on the sides of the facade are supported by short columns with capitals in the form of a female masks with Lorelei flying hair. Balcony stretches across the entire façade on the level of the 4th floor, in consoles of which there are Loreleis also; they are also propping the abat-jour of the house in the center.

Generally speaking, this is the most richly decorated house by Gippius.

Merchants Bakhrushins are tracing their ancestry to the city Kasimov. Progenitor of the family Alexei Fedorovich Bahrushin came to Moscow with his wife and three sons from Zaraysk. They settled down first on Taganka, then build a large-scale leathermaking in Kozhevnicheskaya settlement, where they moved later.

There they owned two large enterprises - a tannery and a cloth factory, and half of Kozhevnicheskaya Street were occupied by their dwelling houses. They developed different types of leather, from rough unskilled leather to morocco and kid gloves. They had their own glue plant.

Alexei Fedorovich died unexpectedly, a lot of debts were left, and on the family council the brothers decided never to divide business, not to borrow money and spend a part of the annual profit to charity. This is what they followed up until the Revolution of 1917.

In Moscow they were even called "professional benefactors”. They financed the construction and maintenance of the “Widows house” on the Sofiiskaya Embankment - that provided free apartments for widows and girl students; the hospital for the terminally ill at Stromynka; orphanage or shelter for children who were abandoned by their parents. In addition, they have established scholarships for 5 educational institutions - Moscow University of Ecclesiastical Academy, Commercial institute and gymnasium. They gave money to many city guardianship of the poor, for national sobriety and other charitable institutions.

Vvedenskiy community hall on Vvedenskaya square (now Zhuravlev square) was constructed at A. A. Bakhrushin expense and with his active participation. Total Bakhrushin charity expenses are summed up to almost 6 million rubles during the period between 1882 to 1917.

Several members of Bakhrushin family were known collectors. Alexei Aleksandrovich Bahrushin founded a wonderful theatrical museum, which he handed over to the Imperial Academy of Sciences. His cousin Alexei Petrovich Bakhrushin was well-known in Moscow and fanatical collector of antique books and objects. After his death, the entire collection was transferred to the Historical Museum.

Right behind the tenement building, which façade overlooks Tverskaya street, Gippius built a complex of four tenement buildings for Partnership "A. Bakhrushin Sons" along the Kozitsky lane.

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