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"House of polar explorers "

7b Nikitsky Boulevard
3.3
This spectacular house in Italian style built at the beginning of the Nikitsky Boulevard is one of the most exquisite examples of pre-war Soviet architecture.
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In the 1930s polar explorers were the deluxe range, seven heroes of the Soviet Union lived in the house. The entire country followed their mythologized heroics – the same way everybody would follow the fate of the cosmonauts a quarter of century later. G. Ushakov, M. Belousov, N. Zubov, A. Liapidevskii, I. Cherevichny, P. Shirshov and others lived in the house at different times.

The building faces the boulevard by almost symmetrical facade and is crowned with wide moulding. The raised side risalits at the height of the top floors are lightened by the elegant galleries of Corinthian order and by the walls painted in geometric ornament. The central part of the facade is dissected by square pilasters with Corinthian capitals and is cut through by the stanzas. Walls of the stanzas are painted in ocher-red color, contrasting with the beige color of the main building. All this creates an elegant Renaissance image, characteristic to the Moscow architecture of the second half of the 1930s.

Left wing of the building differs in size and shape of the windows and is slightly rotated relative to the plane of the facade - Evgeny Yoheles included a small pre-revolutionary tenement house in his project, organically entering it into the larger scale of new construction.

Nevertheless, "The house of Polar explorers" remains a rare example of the development of the Boulevard Ring, which avoided the realization of the plans of Moscow reconstruction of mid-20th century.

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