RU

Do not forget to use our mobile app. It will make your journey around the city way more interesting.

"Mayakovskaya" metro station

3.44
This station is an experiment: it was built deep underground, using aeronautical engineering techniques. This station is a masterpiece: it won a Grand Prix at the World’s Fair in New York. This station is a story within itself: it used to serve as a bomb shelter and a soapbox for Joseph Stalin.
+ -

In 1935, the architect S.Kravetz created an experimental project of a deep subway station. The construction began shortly, but the engineers did not take into account the complex geological aspects: the station’s ceiling began to crack. The officials then convened a committee, which included the architect A.Dushkin who modified the project significantly and took over the post of the station’s architect. For the first time in history, the concrete internal supports of a deep station were replaced by metal ones, and so heavy pylons became graceful columns. Sophisticated arched metal elements which greatly increased the integrity of the station were developed and manufactured at the Dirizhablestroy plant by the aircraft engineer A.Putilin.

"Mayakovskaya" Station was opened on September 11th, 1938, as part of the second stage of the Moscow Metro. It is a three-vaulted station with two rows of columns. Each its vault is elliptical in cross-section, as are its arches. In the vaulting of the central nave there are 34 oval niches, which contain lighting fixtures and smalt mosaics. They were made upon the sketches from the ‘Aviation’ series by A.Deineka. Columns and arches are covered with stainless steel. In general, the station – despite being designed in the era of Stalin's Empire style -  looks avant-garde enough to be considered an example of Art Deco.

One of the drawbacks of the architectural design of the station can be considered that the mosaics are located deep in niches and are visible only when standing under them. Therefore, the niches in the perspective of the station are perceived only as lighting elements.
However, the art and design of "Mayakovskaya" Station were praised a year after it was finished: in 1939, the project won a Grand Prix at the World’s Fair in New York. During the war, the station served as a bomb shelter, and Stalin gave a speech here at the Moscow meeting of the Congress of Deputies on September 6th, 1941. The speech was broadcasted over the radio.

Interestingly, originally the station was called Triumphalnaya Ploshchad (‘Triumphalnaya Square’) after the eponymous square located above. However Triumphalnaya Square was renamed to Mayakovskaya Square in 1936. The station was supposed to bear the same name, but in the end, it was shortened to Mayakovskaya.

Many critics have noted the absence of the poet in Deineka’s mosaic works. Originally there were 35 mosaic panels, by the way, but one of them was lost during the installation of a hermetic door several years later. A bust of Vladimir Mayakovsky by sculptor A. Kibalnikova appeared at the end of the station  after the War.

The station has two surface lobbies. One of them is built into the Pyotr Tchaikovsky Concert Hall and was opened on September 11th, 1938, together with the station. The second entrance lobby, designed by architects N.Shumakov and G.Mun, was opened in 2005.  The vault of the new lobby is adorned with mosaics from the ‘Sky’ series by I.Lubenkova and quotes from Mayakovsky’s poems. The bust of the poet was also moved here.

Interesting
Routes
Bulgakov's moscow or once upon a time at Partriarshie Ponds

Bulgakov's moscow or once upon a time at Partriarshie Ponds

Route: 10 Bolshoy Gnezdnikovsky lane -
2 Triumphal Square.

(no votes)
Houses
M.J. Protkova’s residential building

M.J. Protkova’s residential building

151 Sadovo Kudrinskaya Street

The perfectly preserved pre-fire (of 1812) wooden house is located on the noisy Sadovoe Ring in Moscow in the twenty-first century – this is a real miracle.

3.44
Houses
18 Leontieff lane

18 Leontieff lane

18 Leontieff lane


This lovely mansion is hiding in the shade of the trees behind the fence. The fate of its former inhabitants was full of pretty big names and events discussed loudly throughout Moscow...

3.44
Houses
V.I. Rekk - N.A. Protopopov’s mansion

V.I. Rekk - N.A. Protopopov’s mansion

13/3 Granatny lane

This beautiful mansion was built in Granatny lane for the wife of the founder of one of the largest homebuilding companies in Moscow.

3.3
Houses
“House under the skirt”

“House under the skirt”

Tverskaya St., 17

Up until 1958 a sculpture of the ballet dancer crowned the top of the corner tower of the building – that’s how the house got this nickname: "House under the skirt ".

(no votes)
Houses
Residential building

Residential building

28-30 Sadovo-Kudrinskaya Street

The authors of the project of this multi-apartment apartment house received an apartment here.

3.3
Houses
The club of communal workers union named after S.M. Zuev

The club of communal workers union named after S.M. Zuev

18 Lesnaya street

A small building designed in avant-garde forms of glass and concrete fixes the corner of Lesnoy and Miussky Lane.

3.02
Houses
Merchant Tarasov house

Merchant Tarasov house

30/1 Spiridonovka street

This house has a very specific Italian prototype: Palazzo Thiene in Vicenza, built in the mid-16th century by the famous Andrea Palladio.

(no votes)
Houses
Prince Gagarin’s house

Prince Gagarin’s house

15/3A Sadovo Kudrinskaya Street

Different people owned the property, but almost all of them wanted to arrange a children's hospital here. That still has not changed.

(no votes)
Houses
Nirenzee house

Nirenzee house

10 B. Gnezdnikovsky lane

At the beginning of XX century, this house was called the first Moscow skyscraper. Once upon a time, before the dense high-rise building corner of Tverskaya street and boulevard area, the building dominated the Strastnaya Square.

(no votes)
Houses
Soymonov’s estate

Soymonov’s estate

18 Malaya Dmytrovka street

Members of the Northern Society of Decembrists and Pushkin's friend Sobolewsky visited this house.

(no votes)
Houses
Zasekina’s homestead

Zasekina’s homestead

18 Voznesensky lane

Did this old house that look like a "medieval castle" belonge to the Masons ?

(no votes)