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On the top of Vagankovsky hill, facing the walls of Moscow Kremlin, there is a real palace named after its first owner - Pashkov House.
Built in just two years - from 1784 to 1786, Pashkov House is not only a brilliant example of Russian art of building, but also a significant landmark of its era.
Pashkov House offers a magnificent panoramic view of the Mokhovaya street from the side of Borovitskaya square. Bright white building, elevated on a high pedestal, is built by the classic three-part principle: a central body with a belvedere and a portico is combined with single-store galleries with side wings. The integrity of the structure is highlighted by a single theme decor, with which all the volumes of the composition of the main house are equally rich.
Almost till the end of the 18th century the manor on Vagankovsky hill was going from hand to hand, and finally, in 1784 a rich landowner, the son of the Astrakhan governor-general, P. Pashkov purchased this piece of land on which he planned the construction of the manor. The authorship of this magnificent building couldn’t be identified for a long time - at that time it was attributed to the architect M. Kazakov and to a Frenchman with surname Legrand. Only in the middle of the 20th century documents were found which showed that Pashkov House was built on the basis of the project of the great Russian architect V. Bazhenov.
The original look of the building was different from what we see now. In front of Pashkov House there was a beautiful garden, which amazed its contemporaries by its beauty, the garden fence perfectly complemented the unique image of the manor. In the time of Pashkov the belvedere of the palace was decorated with a statue of Mars, and the central portico was adorned by the coat of arms of the family. On the order of Pavel I, the coat of arms and the sculpture were dismantled and the wooden belvedere and the galleries, which were lost in fire in 1812, were later restored by architect Ossip Bove. The main staircase, designed by M. Dolganov, and the decorative fence of the hill that exist today, date back to the 30th years of the 20th century.
Heirs of Pashkov in the early 19th century, sold the house to the Moscow University, and since 1861 the building belonged to the Rumyantsev Museum. After the revolution it would house the rare manuscripts department of the Public Library of the USSR named after I. Lenin, which opened in 1921. Today Pashkov House is in the complex of buildings of the Russian State Library. Currently, it houses music department and the department of manuscripts, which opened to the public in 2009 after the renovation of the manor, which lasted for 20 years.
A.A.Lazarik-Al Shanyavsky’s apartment building4 Arbat street
House number 4 is located near the beginning of Arbat street. Chambers of XVIII century are at the core of the building. Chambers were built in the new three-storey building in the first third of the XIX century. The new building had a modest façade in late classicism style.