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Pavlov’s rented apartment building

31 Arbat Street, bld. 1
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This apartment building is associated with names of two Russian revolutionaries – Nikolay P. Ogarev and Alexander I. Herzen.
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We can see buildings that belong to different construction time in this small three-story apartment building owned by Sergei Petrovich Pavlov. Initially, Nikolay Ogarev that just returned to Moscow from exile rented an apartment and settled here in 1839. The house became a meeting place for many Ogarev’s old and new friends.

Alexei Alexeevitch Tuchkov, the leader of the Penza nobility settled in this house in 1846. Young Tuchkov was involved in the Decembrist movement , was a member of the Union of Welfare and was involved in the investigation of the case on the 14th of December, but from trial and punishment was released. Tuchkov was a neighbor of the Penza Ogarevo estate. His youngest daughter Natalya since the age of seventeen was in love with Nikolai Platonovich Ogaryov and in 1849, as soon as his first wife died, she married him. In 1856, the couple left for London, and there Natalia Ogareva-Tuchkova became the civil wife of his friend A.I. Herzen, brought up his children, edited the "Bell". In London, she wore the name Herzen. In Russia she returned after the death of Alexander Ivanovich in 1876 and brought his archive home. She did a lot to make his compositions come out. Thus, this house was connected with these two friends-revolutionaries.

In 1887, the house was rebuilt by architect M. Piotrovich . That's when he bought his eclectic decor . Center symmetrical in composition at home isolated small semicircular attic with two dormers . The side facades are corbels with dedicated windows of the second floor with small gables on the sides of the mask are grinning lions guarding the peace of the inhabitants of the house.
After the revolution, the tenants were compacted, the apartments became communal.

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