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Residential building "For families" the experimentally RZHSKT "Exponential construction"

8/1 Gogolevsky Boulevard
3.3
Built on the remnants of an ancient temple, a new type of communal house - with an actively used roof, a well thought out layout - was repeatedly hosted by B.L. Pasternak.
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The communal house RZhSKT "Demonstrative construction" was built in 1929-1932. on the project of a group of architects consisting of M. Barsch, V. Vladimirov, I. Milinis, A. Pasternak, L. Slavina and engineer S. Orlovsky. The complex consists of three buildings, two of which were originally residential, and the third was public.

One of the two residential buildings were designed for families with children.In the 1920s, a number of low-cost housing projects were developed. The project of the building "for the family", implemented on Gogolevsky Boulevard, was called "house with cells of type A". Unlike the next building for single and small families, who have two- and three-level apartment-cells, in this building there were provided flat one-level two-room apartments with small kitchens.

According to the original project on the roof, following the example of E. Nirnsee's famous house in Bolshoy Gnezdnikovsky Lane, a kindergarten was planned. But this idea was never realized. Nevertheless, before the superstructure of the house with two floors in the early 1950s, the roof was actively used: there were solariums, playgrounds and recreation areas. At the same time, the roofs of the residential buildings were connected by a pedestrian bridge, dismantled during the reconstruction.

Stairs located in the semicircular ducts with continuous glazing made ​​for front line that goes to Bolshoy Znamenskii alley. In the 1950s, elevators were built in the house, not provided  by the original project. Rectangular brick elevator shafts were attached to the stairs and occupied the entire pavement space in the alley.In the early 1930s, A.L. Pasternak, the brother of the writer, the Nobel laureate B.L. Pasternak, lived in the house, who often visited him and stayed for a while in his apartment.

In the post-war years the building was thoroughly repaired and rebuilt with a partial re-planning of the interiors.

Recently a memorial plaque dedicated to the church of the Rzhevskaya Mother of God was erected on the facade from Bolshoy Znamensky pereulok, until 1929, standing on the site of the RZhSKT buildings "Demonstrative construction". It should be noted that the place for the board is chosen quite accurately, literally a meter from it under the ground are the remains of the altar part of the temple.

Interesting

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