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Schukin house

Bolshoi Znamensky lane, 8
(no votes)
If you go deep into the quarter between houses number 12 and 16 on Vorontsovo pole street, you can see a red- brick building with turrets and lancet windows, which resemble a medieval European architecture - Romanesque and Gothic style, at the same time in many details elements of Art Nouveau can be seen. This is a former building of Evangelical Hospital, built in the early twentieth century.
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If you go deep into the quarter between houses number 12 and 16 on Vorontsovo pole street, you can see a red- brick building with turrets and lancet windows, which resemble a medieval European architecture - Romanesque and Gothic style, at the same time in many details elements of Art Nouveau can be seen. This is a former building of Evangelical Hospital, built in the early twentieth century.

It all started in 1895 when the site was bought by the German Lutheran community members who lived nearby on the Vorontsovo pole street.

They financed the construction of the hospital in 1903-1904 – the project belonged to the architect Otto Von Dessin. Despite the fact that the hospital was a Lutheran one, people of all religions and classes were accepted here. Approximately half of the patients were not Lutherans, and most doctors were Germans.

The hospital was divided into in-patient facility and out-patient department. There were 101 permanent beds for men and women in the in-patient facility and diseases of all specialties, except contagious, were cured here. For the poor the beds in the hospital were provided free of charge. The outpatient department was accepting "everybody for 50 kopecks for an advice". There were departments of surgery; nose, throat and ear diseases; women’s dep; eye, skin and venereal deseases, nervous diseases, internal diseases, children diseases departments. There was an X-ray room, which was a rarity in 1910s.

After the revolution the building did not change its medical purpose, there was a medical research institute of work-related disorders. The founder of the institute was "the chief of health service of the Russian capital", Lenin's personal physician W. Obukh. He was also working at the Institute, which later became known as the Institute of labor hygiene and work-related disorders. In 1954 in honor of this doctor Georgievskiy lane was renamed and became Obukh lane, along which the hospital building was lying.

Later, in 1950s, the building was occupied by the Institute of Brain. It began its history in Igumnov house on Yakimanka street as a «laboratory for the study of Lenin's brain", later simply “Laboratory for the Study of the Brain", and after that it became an institute.

Currently the building's purpose is preserved - half of the complex is occupied by the brain research department of the Institute of Neurology of the State Institution Research and Development Establishment of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and the other part – by the clinic of Medical Sciences (Russian Academy of Medical Sciences). Interiors are partially preserved. For instance, stained-glass windows and wrought iron stair railing. The fence of the roof of the building, which is visible in the photo, unfortunately, was lost in the Soviet years. Authentic windows were  recently replaced by the white glass units which discord with the image of the building.

If you come to the northern wall of the building, which looks out onto the Vorontsovo pole street, you can see traces of the HES exploded nearby. In 1941, the Germans were bombing the strategically important objects, one of which was Kurskiy railway station located nearby, and surrounding neighborhoods suffered also. There are traces of the mine on the building of the hospital - it is a unique object, nowhere in Moscow such traces are preserved.

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