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The ensemble of buildings Institute of Metallurgy

Leninsky Prospect, 49
3.45
The complex built for one of the leading applied research instituts was designed by Akademstroy. It was in fact the extension of Academician Alexei Viktorovich Shchusev’s workshop.
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A.V. Schusev’s project won the closed competition conducted by Presidium of the Academy of Sciences in 1934. 40 buildings institutes, museums, libraries, and service institutions, as well as a huge botanical garden were supposed to be built in the south -west part of Moscow, near the village of Cheryomushki. The Presidium building and libraries were planned in the center of the vast composition.

Scientific associations’ areas were placed around it: geological, chemical, mathematical, and social sciences, zoology and botany. Academy of Sciences’ town in the Kaluga road, future Leninsky Prospekt, was conceived as a concentration of the best practice of all research organizations located next to each other. It was a new phenomenon in the world of urban planning practice.Because of the war, not everything was realized, and the Presidium of the Academy itself moved to the new building only towards the end of the century, but many institutions entered the 1950s in new buildings.

A symmetrical building of the Institute of Metallurgy, placed with an indent from the red line on the site surrounded by a forged lattice, emerges on the avenue. The central part with the main entrances’ portico is decorated with the set of eight pairs of Corinthian columns. Above the doors is a tall window with a semi-circular completion and a small balcony with a balustrade.
The main gate is framed with two booths checkpoints of an elegant neoclassical design with gables, columns, semicircular windows. The overall image of the building is reminiscent of urban estates and mansions of the Emperor Alexander I’s era. Both symbolize the after war revival.

However, the public nature of structures leaves its mark: a small park, planted around the building is rather a formality, and the scale is closer to largest palaces or barracks.

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