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The Satire Theatre
On Triumphalnaya Square, between the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall and the "Aquarium" garden the Satire Theater is located. The building, which is over a hundred years old, got a modern look in 1960 upon the project of the architect V. Stepanov. The blind screen facade on the right was decorated with an illuminated square panel with the inscription "The Satire Theater", on the left side of the façade planted theatrical masks were placed. The huge dome of the building testifies its age - it recalls the former famous circus of brothers Nikitin, built in 1910s by architect B. Nilus together with A. Gurzhienko.
The circus was located in the most popular entertainment garden in Moscow - in the "Aquarium", rattling throughout the capital with its theatrical programs. "Aquarium" was visited by thousands of Muscovites, in the shade of old trees and murmuring fountains to see performances of capital and touring companies of actors, acrobats, jugglers, trained animals, to dine in a restaurant with live music. It was also possible to climb over Moscow in a balloon, take a photo as a souvenir and admire the fireworks in the evenings. "Aquarium" had a reputation as a "theatrical oasis".The garden became famous for operettas of M. Lentovsky theater, ballet by Lydia Geiten, Frenchman Charles Aumont enterprise (he was the one who built the "Buff" and "Olympia" theaters), opera of Zimin theater and gypsy romances of the Blumenthal-Tamarin theatre.
In 1924 brothers Nikitin circus arena was adapted for the first Soviet music hall, and in 1930 the building housed the Operetta Theater. In 1965 under the old dome a new hall was opened - the Satire Theater at last got a permanent residence after long process of moves.
The Theater of Satire was opened in 1924 with the semi-variety performance "Moscow from the point of view ..." The premiere took place in the Bolshoy Gnezdnikovsky Lane, in the hall where the "Bat" cabaret once stood, and today the GITIS educational theater. And then the performances for the anger of the day quickly conquered the hearts of the audience, and today the theater continues to gather full rooms.
According to one of the versions, it was the music hall in the Nikitin circus that became the prototype of the "Variety" theater of the "Master and Margarita" novel by M. Bulgakov.
Voland’s session of black magic with a subsequent exposure was held there. By the description of the interior of the theater in the novel you can guess the signs of the rebuilt circus: "Blue curtain moved on both sides and closed the cyclists, green lights with the word "exit" at the doors dimmed, and in the web of trapezes under the dome the white balls lit up as if it was the sun".
Nikitin Circus was also mentioned in the Mikhail Bulgakov "The Heart of a Dog" novel.