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Mid-19th Century Estate. Main House

Verkhny Predtechensky Lane, 8, bld. 1
(no votes)
The books from the house owner's library still can be found at antiquity auctions; the books bear their owner's seal: "Ivan Nikolaevich Tsvetukhin, Presnya, near the John the Baptist Church, own house, Moscow".
  • Mid-19th Century Estate. Main House
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In the maze of the Presnya lanes on the Three Mountains, one can feel the atmosphere and ambience of the old Moscow with its leisurely pace of life and human scaled buildings. Here, you can see small cozy mansions and even whole estates that survived to our days — not intact, of course, but having undergone numerous reconstructions. One of such estates is the property at No. 8 on the winding Verkhny Predtechinsky Lane.

According to the Uniform State Register of Cultural Heritage of Russia, this city estate is a heritage of federal significance. This status was granted to the estate by the Decree of the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin in February, 1995. Until that time, since 1992, the estate was a monument of local significance as was decided by the Presidium of the Moscow City Council.

The estate comprises the Main House (building 1) and two service outbuildings (buildings 3 and 4). Building 2 adjacent to the Main House was constructed in 1927 and is not recognized as a heritage site.

The Register documents date the Main House of the Estate to the mid 19th century. Its most famous owner was Ivan N. Tsvetukhin (1838–1899), a full state councillor buried on the Vagankovskoe Cemetery. It is amazing that books from his library still can be found at antiquity auctions; the books bear their owner's seal: "Ivan Nikolaevich Tsvetukhin, Presnya, near the John the Baptist Church, own house, Moscow." Tsvetukhin owned the estate in the Verkhny Predtechinsky Lane from 1870 to 1899 and it was in that period that the estate became what it looks today.

Other owners are also known: Yekaterina Bystroglazova, wife of artillery Colonel Nikanor Bystroglazov (1850 to 1860); after I.N. Tsvetukhin's death, his widow Maria Alexandrovna took the property over (1900 to 1906). After her, up to 1917, Dmitry Kuzmin was recorded as the estate owner.

The house underwent numerous reconstructions and modifications according to current trends in architecture: in 1860s, in 1874, in 1880s. But even now, despite its Baroquesque decor made in the eclecticism period, we can clearly see the house's layout typical for the times of classicism. The lower floor is low, it is virtually a semi basement; the upper one — with living and formal rooms — has tall windows. Pilasters accentuate the central part of the facade with three windows. To the left side of the symmetrical facade with seven windows there is an entry porch. Above the final cornice is a curvilinear attic with an ogee shaped top.

In 2009, the house underwent a major reconstruction that included recovering its main facade's historical appearance.

Nowadays, it is occupied by a medical institution.

Konstantin Mikhailov

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