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P. I. Gubonin

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Gubonin Peter Ionovich (1825 (1828) -1894) - industrialist, millionaire builder of railways in Russia, Privy Councillor. Has gone from a serf to a nobleman.

Son of a serf mason in the Borisova village, Kolomna district, Moscow province Jonah Mikhailovich Gubonin and Irina Gavrilovny.

At seventeen, left the village and went to Moscow, where he worked as a general laborer. Since 1848, engaged in contract on stone work that allowed him to gain the necessary amount of money to buy himself out of serfdom. This is what he have done in 1858.

Having bought a quarry near Moscow, set up production of stone products, such as millstones, steps, etc. Supplied stone for the construction of St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, for the construction of stone bridges Moscow-Kursk road. Since the mid-1860s began to participate in railway campaigns. They were built Ural, the Baltic, Lozovo-Sevastopol and many other railroads. As a result, his participation was built twenty percent of all Russian railways, for which he received the glory "Railway King". Made a huge fortune, estimated in the tens of millions.

Gubonin is credited with the first device first tram in St. Petersburg, and since 1872 in Moscow.

In 1870 received the hereditary nobility.

Created several new businesses, including Baku oil society. Became one of the first to address the development of the oil industry in Russia. To improve oil processing at its factories invited to cooperate chemist Dmitry Mendeleev. Its oil production plants consistently received the highest awards at national and world exhibitions, and he was also referred to as an "oil king".

Owned coal mines, and the grinding of salt production, was the founder of the set of joint stock companies, the Volga-Kama Bank, the Nordic Insurance Company and others.

Active public figure and philanthropist. Gubonina sponsored shelter in St. Petersburg, poorhouse widows and orphans in Moscow, built building of the Polytechnic Museum, Komissarovskoe Technical School et al. Provide material support to the playwright AN Ostrovsky.

Particular item of Gubonin’s expenditures was the construction of churches across the country. Participated in the construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.

Gubonin owned Gursuf estate in the Crimea, where he tried to establish a resort business. He built many hotels, mud baths, water pipe system in Gurzuf. Gubonin dedicated plenty of his time winemaking development in Crimea.

In 1875 Gubonin went to meet Emperor Alexander II, who thanked him for his work for the good of the fatherland.

Had sons: Sergei and Nikolai - Moscow merchants.

Buried in Gurzuf in the church of the Assumption of the Virgin of his built. In 1932, when the church was demolished, his remains were transferred to the local cemetery, the grave has not survived.