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K. K. Masing

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Karl Karlovich Masing (1849, Moscow, Russia - July 12, 1926, Moscow, Russia) - a teacher, mathematician and engineer, a member of the Mechanics and Technical Scientific Society, chairman of the Moscow branch of the Russian Technical Society, awarded the Order of St. Vladimir III and IV, actual state councilor.

Born in Moscow and was tutoring mathematics since he was 12 years old.

In 1870 he graduated from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow State University and stayed at the University as an assistant astronomer Professor FA Bredikhin.

Soon Karl Masing got excited about pedagogical problems and ideas of vocational education and people education.

In 1876, he was actively engaged in educational work at the Polytechnical Museum.

In the years 1876-1877, he wrote the first mathematics course for real schools - textbooks "Geometry" (1876) and "Stereometry" (1877).

In 1877 Karl Masing founded the first private real school, which became one of the best in Moscow - now is the school №57. For his career, he attracts the best teachers: boys were taught mathematics, physics, chemistry, crafts.

In 1889 Karl Masing was speaking at the First Congress of Russian leaders on Technical and Vocational Education.

In 1893 he became a member of the Commission for Technical Education of the Moscow branch of the Russian Technical Society (RTS) in 1896, its chairman. He initiated the opening of the evening working classes (Prechistenskiy, Zamoskvoretskaya at the factory "Gyubnera, Thiel & Co."), which became the workers' school in the 1920s.

In 1895 Karl Masing organized the Second Congress of the Russian figures for Technical and Vocational Education in Moscow.

In 1897, the Company established a commercial dissemination of education, which is 17 points lower opened courses for trade officials in Moscow. Each year, the courses studied more 8,000 students. From this society grew higher commercial courses with economic, technological and chemical and electrical engineering departments, labs and research rooms - now Commercial Academy.

Karl Masing was a member of the Moscow City Duma, where he was chairman of the Railway Commission, and county of the Provincial Assembly.

In 1909 - 1913's Karl Masing in the Transport Committee of the Duma actively advocated the need for construction of the "Underground Railroad." Authors of the project engineers KK Rudin and EK Knorre remembered his meticulousness: "Is there a heating wagon? The speed of trains on different sections of the route? The quality of the metal? Platform height? What building could be affected during construction? Will it change the route in order to preserve the monuments of architecture?" His ideas were used in the construction of the subway in the 1930s.

In 1912, Karl Masing built a six-story apartment building on the corner of the Antipevsky and Small Znamensky lanes. Funds for the construction were few - were taken loans from banks to borrow money from relatives and friends. The project was designed by the architect GF Yartsev with the active participation of Karl Masing. Mandatory condition of building a house - to emphasize the beauty of the Church of St. Antipas for which it was assigned by the city a few yards of the private plot of land to straighten the red line streets. Later were built next to the building and commercial real schools with apartments for teachers and "hostel" for students. During the First World War there were hospital and medical assistant courses.

In 1914 - 1917 Karl Masing was a member of the Bureau of the combined technical organizations and the Council of the Moscow Committee for technical assistance.

In January 1917, Karl Masing pneumonia in March and went to the Crimea, but soon returned to Moscow.

After 1917, Karl Masing in charge of Studies in the Workers' Moscow Mining Academy. "

Since 1918, Karl Masing participated in the organization of the People's University in Kislovodsk.

In 1920, on his initiative opened Electrical Courses Artem for workers in the management of the North-Caucasian railway, which he led until 1922.

His 75th birthday was celebrated Mining Academy - rabfakovtsy carried him in her arms and showered flowers.

Karl Masing died from hemorrhage on July 12, 1926 in Moscow, shortly before his death, finished writing and signed off for publishing textbook on mathematics.