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Arbat - historical and administrative district in Moscow. Located in the Central Administrative District to the west of the Kremlin. Main roads of the district are Arbat Street, Novy Arbat, Vozdvizhenka. The name of the Moscow district of the same name was on the street, its name, according to the version, first proposed Archeograf P. Stroyev and distributed as a basic in some guidebooks, she received from the Mongolian word Arba: in the area of ​​modern Volkhonka was Kolymazhny settlement, where manufactured various vehicles, including carts - carts. Just-spread hypothesis put forward by historian VK Trutovsky, according to which the name is derived from the Arbat arbad Arabic word, which is the plural of rabad - "suburb", "suburb", which was probably brought to Moscow by traders from the East - Crimean Tatars and other Eastern merchants. This hypothesis in their works follow PV Sytin, YA Fedosyuk, Vladimir Sorokin, E. Ya Dvina, GP Smolitskii, MV Gorbanevsky and other historians, and toponymists moskvovedy. At the turn of the XV-XVI centuries the area, located in the modern area of ​​the Arbat gate, called "Martyr", ie they are uninhabited spaces adjacent to the city's outskirts. Formation of urban development in the area, apparently began in the last years of the Grand Duke Ivan III, who undertook with the participation of a large-scale restructuring of the Italian masters of the city. One result of this reconstruction was the establishment on the outskirts of the city outskirts, on the "Martyr" court settlements inhabited by artisans people use in their production of an open flame. For Arbat on Sivtseff Ravine, were settled blacksmiths, saddlers, uzdechniki and other craftsmen, meets the needs of the grand stables, which were the first inhabitants of the settlement Stables. In the XVII century here there are other handicraft suburb icons, Tsaritsyn, Carpenter. Also here is four musketeer order. During a fire in 1736 burned Arbat strongly, but fairly quickly rebuilt and since then has become one of the most aristocratic districts of Moscow, where settled the most famous Russian noble families - Thick, Rostopchina, Gagarin, Dolgoruky, Kropotkin, Sheremetevs, Golitsyn, Trubetskois. Small mansions were built in the Empire style and wooden houses surrounded by gardens. During the reconstruction of the Arbat after the fire of 1812 buildings acquired a special character: small one- and two-story mansion with a mezzanine and attic, set with a break on the red line the streets and surrounded by small gardens. By the end of the century, as elsewhere in the capital, there appear neat apartment houses. Arbat and today remains one of the most interesting areas of the capital, to preserve the heritage of the past. Among the attractions of the area are: Pushkin Memorial Apartment on the Arbat Memorial Apartment of Andrei Bely (Boris Bugaev) on Arbat MUAR them. Schuseva Church of St. Nicholas on Schepah Church of the Transfiguration on the Sands Melnikov House Cinema Art

Interesting

Routes
Natalia Golubentseva’s Moscow

Natalia Golubentseva’s Moscow

Not everyone knows her in person, but the voice of Nataly familiar to everyone since childhood. She voiced rabbit Stepashka in the legendary children's program, "Good night, kids!".

(no votes)
Places
Kropotkin Gate square

Kropotkin Gate square

The area between the Moscow River and the place where a pavilion "Kropotkinskaya" metro station located now has long been called Chertolye. Long time ago Chertory stream flowed in a ravine here.

(no votes)
Houses
Residential building "For families" the experimentally RZHSKT "Exponential construction"

Residential building "For families" the experimentally RZHSKT "Exponential construction"

8/1 Gogolevsky Boulevard

Built on the remnants of an ancient temple, a new type of communal house - with an actively used roof, a well thought out layout - was repeatedly hosted by B.L. Pasternak.

Rating: 3.3
Monuments
F.I. Shalyapin

F.I. Shalyapin

Novinsky Boulevard, 25

Installed near the house of the singer.

Rating: 3.48
Places
Smolensk area

Smolensk area

Smolenskaya square formed at this place in 1820.

(no votes)
Houses
Handicraft Museum

Handicraft Museum

7/1 Leontievsky lane

Rating: 3.3
Houses
Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Novinsky Boulevard, 25-27, bld.1

The experimental compound represented the implemented idea of a fundamentally new type of residence with a utility unit that was to promote a new life style. According to the architects' design, the service building housed the first mechanical laundry in Moscow.

Rating: 3.3
Houses
Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

25-27/1, Novinsky Boulevard

The experimental compound represented the implemented idea of a fundamentally new type of residence with a utility unit that was to promote a new life style. According to the architects' design, the service building housed the first mechanical laundry in Moscow.

(no votes)
Houses
Mayakovsky theater

Mayakovsky theater

19/3 Bolshaya Nikitskaya St.

In this theater on May 1, 1899 Chekhov's "Seagull" was staged - a play  for a single viewer.

(no votes)
Houses
The Torgsin

The Torgsin

Smolenskaya Square, 54/1

From 1932 to 1936, the people delivered almost a hundred tons of pure gold, which made fighting the famine that plagued the country at the time much easier.

Rating: 3.56
Routes
Prechistenka by Michael Bulgakov

Prechistenka by Michael Bulgakov

Olga Filonova, the author of the rote. Historian, ethnographer, a tour guide. Bulgakov’s biographer.

(no votes)