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Kropotkin Gate square

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The area between the Moscow River and the place where a pavilion "Kropotkinskaya" metro station located now has long been called Chertolye. Long time ago Chertory stream flowed in a ravine here.

It started for the Nikitsky Gate, and flowed along the walls of the White City. The ravine was rocky, uneven so the stream "as if the devil was digging," Muscovites said. Hence the name. At the end of the XVI century by order of Tsar Fedor Ivanovich Moscow surrounded by a fortified wall. Fedor Kon has built it of white stone with a lot of travel and closed towers. Gates built in places where the wall crossed streets. The area around these gates preserved in Moscow and still have the same name. The gate, built by Chertoryya stream, called Chertolsky. Two streets - Ostozhenka and Bolshaya Chertolskaya started from here. Street and the gate renamed into Prechistenskiy in 1658 by order of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. He rode down the street to Novodevichy Convent to pray to the Blessed Virgin Mary icon. Walls of White City dilapidated, in the XVIII century the enemies of the Russian state did not approach so close to the Kremlin and the need for a defensive fortress disappeared. By 1780, white stone walls were demolished, and only the name of the square reminds of a fortress. Creek Chertory preserved longer and only at the end of the XIX century it was removed in the pipe. Alexis convent has long stood at Prechistenskie Gate square. In 1838 the monastery removed, and Cathedral of Christ the Savior built in its place. Kropotkin gate square renamed in memory of the famous revolutionary and scientist PA Kropotkin in 1924, who lived at the end of Prechistenka in Shtatny lane.

Interesting

Routes
“Ceremonial” Zamoskvorechie

“Ceremonial” Zamoskvorechie

Zamoskvorechie (Moscow area located south to the Moscow river from Kremlin) avoided radical rearrangements for centuries.

Rating: 3.44
Houses
Averky Kirillov’s Palace

Averky Kirillov’s Palace

Bersenevskaya Embankment, 18, 20&22/2

Even today, when it’s all but crushed by the neighboring colossus of the famous Soviet ‘House on the Embankment’, this house with white ornament details on its façade and a small mezzanine still attracts the attention of the passers-by, particularly if seen from Patriarshy Bridge.

Rating: 3.3
Houses
Hotel Peterhof

Hotel Peterhof

Vozdvizhenka Street, 4/7/1

The portrait of Maksim Gorky by Serov was created here.

Rating: 3.44
Houses
Vakhtangov theater

Vakhtangov theater

Arbat street, 26

The stone house on this site was built in the second half of the XIX century for the father of the Sabashnikov brothers. They were publishers, known for serious preparation of printed texts. After 1917 the building was taken away from the owner, VP Berg, and transferred to the theatrical studio under the direction of Eugene Vakhtangov. It was called then the Third Studio of the Moscow Art Theater. After the war, a new facade of the theater was created, the main elements of which were pilasters in the entire height of the building, covered with flutes (narrow vertical grooves). The new hall began to accommodate 1050 spectators.

Rating: 3.3
Places
Arbat

Arbat

Formation of urban development in the area, apparently began in the last years of the Grand Duke Ivan III.

(no votes)
Houses
A.M. Zhelyabuzhsky’s apartment building

A.M. Zhelyabuzhsky’s apartment building

9 Krivoarbatsky lane

This place was fanned by the spirit of Pushkin’s family in the XIX century.

(no votes)
Houses
Decembrist Alexander Beliayev's house

Decembrist Alexander Beliayev's house

Kropotkinsky Lane, 12, bld. 1

In the Soviet times, association with Decembrists was a “writ of protection” for old mansions where Decembrists lived or visited. The building in the Kropotkinsky lane where Decembrist Alexander Beliayev lived and died was no exception.

(no votes)
Routes
Moscow river banks

Moscow river banks

Just like almost any city in old times Moscow was built on the river banks.

Rating: 3.27
Houses
Majolica house

Majolica house

6/1 Swan (lebyazi) Lane

From year to year, every minute, someone in the house diligently recorded the time and make of vehicle, leaving the walls of the Kremlin.

Rating: 3.3