Povarskaya Street - one of the oldest streets in Moscow. It's an old Volotskaya road that went from the Kremlin to Veliky Novgorod, passed by this place on the creek to the river Chertoryya fresh water. Even after the road moved first to the modern large Nikitskaya, and then on Tverskaya Street, kings and nobles continued to drive from the Kremlin in Novgorod and back through the modern Povarskaya Street. In 1471 on her way back from Novgorod the Great, Tsar Ivan III, and in 1572 - Ivan the Terrible. Intersection Volotsky and Smolensk roads identified in XIV-XV centuries old place beginning Povarskaya street from Arbat Square. At the end of XVII - beginning of XVIII centuries Povarskaya Street with neighboring lanes began to emerge as one of the most aristocratic places in the city. In 1716, on the street stood the court of Prince P. Boryatinskaya, LB Siberian, IM Gagarin, IA Golitsyn, Princess Volkonskaya attendants Baskakov, Bludova, Troussov Gotovceva and others. In Borisoglebskii lane yard was Princess Natalia A. - sister of Peter I. It also has a yard Shakhovskys, Miloslavskys, Kolychёvyh, Griboyedov and other noble families. Until the 1930s the street were four stone churches. And as it was in the old days, during the street marked the dominant church bells. Povarskaya began the church Tikhon Amaphuntum in Arbat gate built in 1689. Rather, the two heads of its unique and classic bell tower started during the street from Arbat Square. Then the street was coming to church Simeon, built in stone in the 1676-1679 biennium. Middle of the street celebrated two temples - Rzhevsk Mother of God (1654) and Saints Boris and Gleb (1691), whose bell tower and classical porticos decorated very middle of the street on her break. Well, to Kudrinskaya Square street approach focusing on the Church of the Nativity in Kudrin. A fire in 1812 destroyed almost all wooden buildings. And like a phoenix reborn in a new form of Empire old noble estates with kurdoner, gardens and quads services. So far, here are freely manor Prince Gagarin, built by architect D. Gilardi in 1820, and the estate Dolgoroukys Bode-Kolychevs-Sollogub, which is considered the "House of Rostov" of "War and Peace" by Leo Tolstoy. The homestead Gagarin, where now houses the Institute of World Literature. Bitter, from the early 19th century, there is a house of Count NA Sheremeteva who remembers AS Pushkin read here his "Poltava". Alexander himself a little kid winter 1708 he lived with his parents at Povarskaya's at the corner of Borisoglebsk lane. And Mikhail Lermontov lived here with her grandmother two winters 1828 and 1829 and danced with her cousins at the balls. His aristocratic character Povarskaya kept until the end of the XIX century. It is one of the first in Moscow was lined with lime trees. This happened in 1899, and they stand still, filling in June unique flavor the street and its alleys. By the beginning of XX century aristocratic character of the street changed to bourgeois. Here settled a rich merchant - Nosenkovy, Mindovskie, Ponizovskii, Schlossberg, Dunker, Grachev, whose beautiful mansions decorate the street until now. Povarskaya on as many as four of the mansion, which built the famous architect LN Kekushev. It starts restaurants in Prague, which Kekushev rebuilt by order of merchant Tararykin in the early 20th century. Unfortunately, he then rebuilt his restaurant in neoclassicism. In 1900, Moses Saarbekovu Leo built one of the first houses in the Art Nouveau style. And in 1904, loyal to create the most beautiful mansions of this style in Moscow on the site between the noble estate and Skatyatinsky Skatertniy lanes. In the early 20th century, the street it's lucrative construction. And she decorated apartment houses Kalmeera lawyer, Princess Miloradovich Countess Bobrinsk. And in the 20th century at the Chef's were not ordinary people - Ivan Bunin, Sergei Mikhalkov, Natalia Konchalovsky, Alexander Kajdanovsky Bella Akhmadullina, Boris Messerer. Here grew Andron Konchalovsky and Nikita Mikhalkov.