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Street Spiridonovka

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Paolo Giovio Italian traveler, who visited Moscow in the XVI century, wrote about the area: "In the fields adjacent to the city is found an incredible number of wild goats and rabbits." Goats, by the way, was quite a home: it has a convenient pastures and Muscovites kept animals almost unattended, and why they made such an impression on the traveler. Needless tract Goat swamp known from the XIV century; flat moorland, where they took back the creek and river Chertory diamonds and Kabaniha, located between Tverskaya Street Tverskaya Boulevard, Nikitskaya and Big Garden street. The ancient name of the tract was preserved in the name built around 1600 Church Spiridony Wonderworker with Goat swamp. Stored here especially venerated old icon of St. Spyridon, who was the patron of shepherds and herdsmen. It is for the church (destroyed in 1932) was named a street Spiridonovka. At the end of XVI - early XVII century settlement was granted to the patriarch, why was even more surprisingly modern ear name: Patriarchal Goat Sloboda. Around the same time to dry the area and fish breeding ponds were dug, one of which is called the Patriarchal survived to our time. At the beginning of the XVII century Patriarch Hermogenes was highly esteemed and respected by the people who spoke during the Troubles against the Polish-Lithuanian occupation. Profane his name was Ermolai, which explains the name of the chapel of the Patriarchal Church of the Presentation of Mary, built in 1610-1612, respectively. Hence also the name Yermolayevsky alley. Temple bells ringing someone considered one of the most prominent in Moscow, was killed as Spiridonievsky in 1932. In the XVIII century patriarchal settlement was dismantled, goats was gone, too, gardens, marshes drained, and the ancient name Goat swamp gradually transformed into Kozihi. Spiridonovka same, whose length is quite small and is about 800 meters, gradually transformed. Today, it is incredibly attractive tourist street, with three museums and the incredible beauty of the houses. Do not pass this side of the street and those who study creativity of the architect Fyodor Shechtel. Spiridonovka 2/6 - house Ryabushinsky is perhaps one of the most famous monuments of Russian Art Nouveau, at the same time - Apartment Museum of Maxim Gorky. Here he settled in 1931, after his return from Italy, called the house "ridiculous house" and ordered to remove the fireplace with a bas-relief of female butterflies, and my room was called "bedroom ballerina." In a wing of the manor Ryabushinskys in the former premises of the servants, in 1942 settled the author of the novels "Peter I» and "The Road to Calvary" Alexei Tolstoy. In 1945 Spiridonovka even renamed the street Alexei Tolstoy, and in 1957, in a park near the lodge erected a monument to the writer. In 1987 the museum was opened here the writer. In 2009, the house 4, p. 1 opened a private museum "House Painting Icons and named SP Ryabushinsky" (currently closed for renovation). Close by, at 6, stopped Alexander Blok and his wife love Mendeleev. On the contrary - the Chamber of XVII century, where, most likely, an order was placed Granatny yard. On the site of the demolished church is now a five-story house of teplobetona, designed by IM voice and decorated with allegorical representations of science, technology and art (http://um.mos.ru/houses/zhiloy-dom-tresta-teplobeton/?sphrase_id= 62528 [http://um.mos.ru/houses/zhiloy-dom-tresta-teplobeton/?sphrase_id=62528]). Undoubtedly attracts the attention of the mansion ZG Morozova (Spiridonovka, d. 17, http://um.mos.ru/houses/osobnyak_z_g_morozovoy/?sphrase_id=62528) - perhaps the main decoration of the street, apartment house architect Boytsova (http://um.mos.ru/houses / dokhodnyy-dom-arkhitektora-ps-boytsova /? sphrase_id = 62528) and the stately mansion Gabriel Tarasova (http://um.mos.ru/houses/osobnyak_gavriila_tarasova/?sphrase_id=62528).

Interesting

Houses
The Planetarium

The Planetarium

Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street, 5

Moscow Planetarium is one of the most significant and innovative buildings of constructivism style.

Rating: 3.3
Houses
N.A. Alekseev’s mansion

N.A. Alekseev’s mansion

9 Leontief Lane

This house belonged to the most popular mayor of Moscow.

(no votes)
Houses
22/1 Bolshaya Nikitskaya street

22/1 Bolshaya Nikitskaya street

22/1 Bolshaya Nikitskaya street

An editorial of the “Bolshevik” newspaper was in this house since 1905. It published Lenin’s articles.

(no votes)
Houses
27/1/20 Tverskoy boulevard

27/1/20 Tverskoy boulevard

27/1/20 Tverskoy boulevard

This complex of buildings is the Saltykov’s Estate that survived the fire of 1812, but was almost completely demolished at the Luzkov’s time.

(no votes)
Houses
House - museum of Stanislavsky

House - museum of Stanislavsky

6/1 Leontievsky Lane

K. Stanislavski the great theatrical director lived and worked in this house for the last 17 years of his life.

(no votes)
Monuments
Joseph Brodsky’s Monument

Joseph Brodsky’s Monument

22 Novinsky Boulevard

Sculptor called this monument his "personal gift to the city"

Rating: 3.3
Houses
House built in the beginning of XIX century

House built in the beginning of XIX century

4 Leontief lane

In 1812, a resident of the house wrote notes on the day-to-day French occupation life in Moscow.

(no votes)
Houses
E.A.Dashkova’s mansion

E.A.Dashkova’s mansion

Tverskoy Boulevard, 20, bld.1

An old Moscow mansion that keeps Nikolay Gogol’s, Ivan Turgenev’s, and Ivan Bunin’s memories of the capital.

(no votes)
Houses
Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

25-27/1, Novinsky Boulevard

The experimental compound represented the implemented idea of a fundamentally new type of residence with a utility unit that was to promote a new life style. According to the architects' design, the service building housed the first mechanical laundry in Moscow.

(no votes)
Houses
Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Laundry Building, the Narkomfin Residential Compound

Novinsky Boulevard, 25-27, bld.1

The experimental compound represented the implemented idea of a fundamentally new type of residence with a utility unit that was to promote a new life style. According to the architects' design, the service building housed the first mechanical laundry in Moscow.

Rating: 3.3
Monuments
F.I. Shalyapin

F.I. Shalyapin

Novinsky Boulevard, 25

Installed near the house of the singer.

Rating: 3.48