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Tverskaya square

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But it was not always like that, the appearance of the square repeatedly changed dramatically, monuments raised and disposed of in accordance with the ideological current situation

Today, this composition looks logical and European-style: a monument to the founder of the city is across the street from the town hall, the city's main governing body. But it was not always like that, the appearance of the square repeatedly changed dramatically, monuments raised and disposed of in accordance with the ideological current situation

Possession of the house in front of the Moscow governors-general were cleared in 1790 after the demolition of dilapidated wooden buildings and designed as the parade ground - the area for military parades and divorce guard. Land clearing, as well as the construction of general-governor's house, engaged the architect MF Cossacks. After the fire of 1812 the Treasury bought another possession, now for the area: in 1823 there was built Tverskaya police units, two-story building with a classic six-columned portico, the central part of which is crowned by a wooden observation tower - a mandatory element of all police buildings in Moscow. In addition to the police department, it housed the fire brigade and prison, the walls of which, among other prisoners spent some time composer AA Alyabyev in 1825 and playwright AV Sukhovo-Kobylin in 1854. June 24, 1912 on the square was inaugurated a monument to the conqueror of Central Asia, the hero of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878 MD Skobelev sculptor PA Samsonov, depicting the "White General" on the horse and a naked sword decorated with sculptural groups of soldiers and bas-reliefs depicting military battles. At the same time, and the area was renamed - Skobelevskaya. Monument stood for long: after 6 years, in 1918, the Soviet authorities in the campaign to remove the old monuments of Russian emperors and heroes of the pre-revolutionary era and laid Skobeleva figure.

In place of the "White General" came a monument in honor of the first Soviet Constitution of 1918: triangular obelisk with the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. In addition, in imitation of the American Statue of Liberty in front of the monument was put "Soviet Freedom", created by the sculptor NA Andreev. The very same area was renamed the Soviet. The building of the Tver police killed in several stages: first, the main part was demolished, leaving the colonnade and turning it into propylene, and then broke down and the residue, breaking another square with a granite monument to VI Lenin by sculptor S. Merkurov. Obelisk and the Statue of Liberty were blown up in the night from 21 to 22 April 1941, two months before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War - the official version, in the reconstruction of Gorky Street. Empty area for long: in 1947 for her in celebration of the 800th anniversary of Moscow was laid on the monument to Prince Yury Dolgoruky, which was inaugurated in 1954. A little earlier, was built on the former governor-general's house, which became the seat of the Moscow City Council. After that significant changes in the appearance of the area is no longer happening.

Interesting

Places
Manezh Square

Manezh Square

Almost half a century the area served as a parking lot for buses.

(no votes)
Houses
Sergeeva – Konshins’ mansion

Sergeeva – Konshins’ mansion

12 Kalashny lane

Pupils of the teacher who rent this house, were jokingly called "young animals"

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Houses
Nizhegorodsky-Samarsky Zemelny Bank building

Nizhegorodsky-Samarsky Zemelny Bank building

Tverskoy boulevard, 12

While it is quite difficult to find the boundary between houses number 12 and 10 on Tverskoy Boulevard, in the early 19th century these were two separate buildings.

(no votes)
Places
Theatre Square

Theatre Square

This is the one of the central squares of Moscow, a part of the "necklace" around the Kremlin and Kitai-Gorod. It is located between Petrovka street and Kopevsky lane and adjacent to the Revolution square.

(no votes)
Houses
The Senatskaya Tower

The Senatskaya Tower

The Kremlin Wall

This interstitial tower have been mainly protected the Kremlin's side facing Red Square.

(no votes)
Houses
17 Tverskoy boulevard

17 Tverskoy boulevard

17 Tverskoy boulevard

House number 17 is one of the oldest houses on the Boulevard.

(no votes)
Houses
Lunin homestead

Lunin homestead

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Outstanding example of the Russian Empire style in Moscow, designed by the great architect Domenico Gilardi.

(no votes)
Houses
P.A. Pozdnyakov – Yusupov's city homestead

P.A. Pozdnyakov – Yusupov's city homestead

26/2 Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street

Not far from the Nikitsky Gate Square on the corner with the Leontief lane there is a five-story house, personally experienced several dramatic pages of Russian history.This city manor P.A. Pozdnyakov - Yusupov, better known as the P.A. Pozdnyakov – Yusupov's city homestead or Napoleon theater.

Rating: 3.3
Places
Neglinnaya Street

Neglinnaya Street

Name recalls the river, almost two centuries ago, hidden under the ground.

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Houses
Novonikolsky (Iversky) bazaar

Novonikolsky (Iversky) bazaar

Nikolskaya street, 5

In 1899 the plot was rented by the top entrepreneurs of Moscow with the purpose of the construction of New shopping stalls.

Rating: 3.3
Houses
Service Building of A.P. Sytin homestead

Service Building of A.P. Sytin homestead

5/10, building 2, Sytinsky Lane

Just like the main house of the homestead, the service building survived the Moscow fire in 1812.

(no votes)
Houses
The Muir&Merrilees Store

The Muir&Merrilees Store

Petrovka Street, 2

Today, Moscow’s Teatralnaya Square seems almost unimaginable without this gray Gothic castle rising above the Maly Theater.

(no votes)