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Guided restorer Andrew Ivliev on Pyatnitskaya Street
My life is very much associated with the Pyatnitskaya street. Here we restored church of St. Clement, Pope, near here, on the Big Ordynka - "our" Martha and Mary Convent. Who is involved in the restoration of Chernigov monastery and mansion Korobkova immediately close - "our" bell tower at the Sofia Embankment. All For Pjatnitskoj very interesting ... And at the very beginning of his career, twenty years ago, I've climbed, gold dome of Trinity in Vishniac. So it happened that Pyatnitsky Street for me is my historic center, around which there was a whole life. Pjatnitskoj street called by the name of the church, which stood on the site of the present entrance to the metro station Novokuznetskaya. Probably the street you could name "Trinity": the high altar of the church was consecrated in the name of the Holy Trinity, and in the name of the Great Martyr Paraskeva - only its chapel. In Moscow there were two churches dedicated to this martyr, and both were demolished during the construction of the subway. The second was on the site of one of the underground hallways "Ryad".
Friday Church was demolished after the adoption in 1935 of the Master Plan of Moscow transformation. Then planned to close the Boulevard Ring, connecting with Zamoskvoreche Yauzskaya Boulevard. The plan is not fully implemented, but the church had to carry, and in 1943 appeared in its place Metro station. "Novokuznetsk" in general "lucky" with the heritage of religious buildings: the bench for this station were removed from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour before its destruction and some time in storage unclaimed ... ...More infoCross the street and go towards the center, to the intersection of the street with Chernigov lane
Pjatnicky Street began the road to Ryazan, and to rely on all trade routes in Russia, here, at the intersection with today Chernigov lane, Ivanovsky was "under the boron" monastery. The monastery was first mentioned in chronicles in the narrative of the circumstances of the birth of Basil II in 1415. In 1514, New Aleviz, or as it is called, Aleviz Fryazin, instead of wooden monastery church erected a new stone church in the name of the Beheading of John the Baptist. Later the monastery - the traditional place of prayer for safe childbirth Grand Duchess - was moved closer to the Tsar's court and became a parish church. He was heavily damaged in the Time of Troubles - from construction Aleviz was only white stone basement. In 1658, the church of John the Baptist was rebuilt in the XVIII century, altered, updated in years 1896-1904, with the participation of renowned architect Shechtel, restored in 1970-1989-ies. It is interesting that a mixture of styles: Old Russian architecture of the XVII century it combines with elements typical of Russian baroque. Bell tower of the church was built (1781) apart from it - it is the main vertical dominant start Pyatnitskaya street. It adjoins a small three-storey house of the XIX century - tenement house (the clergy) Church of St. John the Baptist, built in 1895 by architect Vladimir Bakarevym. Bakarev - State Architect, before the release of "retired" for eleven years participated in the design of the Grand Kremlin Palace, it is for these works was even awarded a gold medal. When we came to restore the house of the clergy, there was a nightclub - without documents, lease - just grab a room and everything. It took more than six months Patriarchate to be evicted. And you know, was a strange situation: the deputies intervened TV GATHERING - hurt the club, church insolent ... In the apartment house we found dopozharnye foundations - apparently, they stood a temple or a bell tower, which burned down. When dug cellar, were visible black layers conflagration, and below the ashes - clean sand. Many buildings in the Pjatnitskoj - foundations virtually outdoor bedding, melkozaglublennye. Belfry Church of St. John the Baptist by Bohr - and it's not small, about 50 meters in height - also stands on the foundations of which lie just half a meter. We would now be under such a building would make the foundation to a depth of at least five meters. And then just two feet - and worth it, and will not crack - how many centuries stood. ...More infoWe pass along the alley deep Chernogovskomu
Profitable House (Pyatnitskaya, 4/2, p. 1), Church of St. John the Baptist by Bohr (Pyatnitskaya, 4/2, p. 8), a free-standing bell tower (Pyatnitska, 4 /, p. 9), together with the Church of Michael of Chernigov Wonderworkers and Theodore (Chernigov lane., 3) constitute a single architectural complex - Chernigov farmstead. It is located between the streets Pyatnitskaya and Bolshaya Ordynka. Michael and Theodore of Chernigov - Orthodox saints who refused to perform a pagan ritual and killed for it in the Horde in 1246. Michael was a prince, Fedor - Boyar. Ivan the Terrible had insisted that their power was transferred to Moscow, and in 1578 they were met exactly in the place where the church stands. Now the relics of saints are stored in the Archangel Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Most recently, through its work in Chernigov farmstead, we found in the temple of Michael and Theodore of Chernigov burial, in our opinion, belonging to the Moscow merchant Andrew (Malyuta) Filimonov, at whose expense was built this temple. Burial and tombstone found in the refectory, during removal of old floor at a depth of about 70 centimeters. Apparently, initially built a temple, and after it is attached to the refectory. These graves were surprisingly respectful attitude. In our restorative experience, we know that before, without further ado: often took tombstones and placed them under the foundation, but here - not the case. Stove is very well preserved, it is unique because of the safety of colors - on the side faces carved tombstones located recessed lettering black and red colors, "Summer 7,183th Maia in the 12th day reposed servant of God Cloth hundreds Andrei Filimonov son nickname Malyuta Filimonovich." Now archaeologists object takes, and I hope that they have yet to interesting discoveries. ...More infoGo back to the Bloc street, look under the house №12 - it Vargina wing manor, which is located on, almost in the metro
In this house there is a branch of the museum LN Tolstoy. Outhouse-office Vargina merchants built in 1798, was rebuilt several times after the 1812 war. Tolstoy's focus here is not accidental: it is believed that Tolstoy in this house lived and wrote his "Cossacks", going into retirement after participating in the defense of Sevastopol. ...More infoLook from the house 12 on the contrary, on the odd side Pjatnitskoj
Standing in front of the house was built, a branch of Tolstoy Fyodor Schechtel in the years 1908-1909 for the wealthy furrier Ilya Galperin. The house is known for its finish: Shekhtel used the then-fashionable dark green glazed ceramic tile - "hog." Fur Salon, who was once on the ground floor, the building is long gone, but the "emerald Shechtel," as it was then called, was left. The building is an interesting mix of modern and Gothic elements. Vertical facade elements like "pull" it up, despite the fact that the high spiers that Shekhtel planned to crown the building had not been built. ...More infoNear the house furrier another interesting house
When it was built, is unknown. In the XVIII century manor house is part of the merchant Zamyatnin but restorers suggest that these two-storey chamber could be built in the XVII century. Legend has it that during the restoration, carried out in the late 1990s, in the chimney of the second floor found a treasure. And why not? In the old days under the stove, with her usual everything and hid. Interestingly, by the way, watch the archaeologists: once they find a place where there was a stove, that is, black earth, enchanting unusual. After all, there may be values, and different utensils - life is built around the furnace, and finds in its location can be very interesting. ...More infoOn the even side go to the house, which is opposite Novokunetskoy, at the same time look and estate Vargina
If you go back to "even side" of the street, in front of us is a fine example of post for the city. To recover from the fire of 1812 created a separate commission, called the Commission on the structure of Moscow. The plot, which includes Pyatnitskaya street, is the responsibility of the architect Osip Bove, born Giuseppe Bova, the son of the Neapolitan artist who moved to Russia. Bove designed the elegant Ionic portico with six columns, based on the ground floor. According to one source, the owner of the house was mine owners Urals Demidov, on the other - redesigned by Beauvais building was the estate of the Moscow publisher Glazunov. ...More infoBy the Pyatnitskaya street Clement reach the alley, turn to him to admire the incredible beauty of the temple
At the intersection of streets and Pjatnitskoj Clement lane stands the temple of St. Clement, Pope. On the history of the church in the previous issue of the journal wonderful told Mikhail Afanasyev, so I suggest to look at the object of cultural heritage from a slightly different point of view. You know, the longer I work in the field of restoration, the more I take engineering solutions - like before doing ventilation, heating, chimneys. I am amazed at the depth of knowledge that were used in the construction in the XVII century. Imagine the Church of St. Clement 1732 building. Half of Russia still live in mud huts, the other - in huts with mud floors. And in this temple - warm heated floors! Under the church Clement - just underground city, a complex system chimneys working to ensure that the floors and the air in the church were heated evenly. In Russia traditionally done in the temples of furnace heating, air ducts, but they went to the same place, to a column of some, for example - there and was the flow of warm air, and because of the uneven heating of both condensate. And in the Church of St. Clement was uniform heating. In my view, precisely because of this its iconostasis came to us in such great condition. And it's all thanks to the good, as it is now would say, climate control. When you inspect the temple note on the wall of the refectory, a place where the climb to the choir. The fact is that when we opened the plaster wall of the temple was discovered that existed before St. Clement. We left it open, did museumification zone: here you can see and resonators, and tiles. Under Square, adjacent to the temple by the Pyatnitskaya street address, relaying communications, we have found a lot of graves. It is now we believe Bloc center of Moscow, and in the early XVII century Minin and Pozharsky met here on the outskirts of the city, the Poles and took the fight. Pyatnitskaya street - it is generally a history book in stone. ...More infoGo back to the Bloc, pass it and go to the house 33
If you go further on the "odd" side of the street, certainly note the asymmetric mansion in Art Nouveau style pale blue, built in 1894. His project Trifon I. Korobkov, financier, entrepreneur and philanthropist, ordered one of the most fashionable while architects - Leo Kekushev. Interest in art was, one might say Korobkova family trait. Daughter Trifon Ivanovitch became a theater actress, and his son - the artist association "Free creativity." The mansion now restores our company. We are very fortunate that in the mansion until 2013 housed the Embassy of Tanzania, and not some trade union organization - the monument suffered minimal damage. Interiors repeatedly repainted - in fact, been made multi-layer preservation. When the restoration has opened a lot of great details in the interiors - uncovered gold in three colors for stucco, painting, very interesting combination of colors ... Who will rebuild using GlavUpDK at the Russian Foreign Ministry is copyright interiors. Plan to finish in December 2015. ...More infoGo back to the even side and go to the house of 48, which is actually in front of the church
I would like to see you do not miss the estate Lepeshkin. If you see that on the building reads "Institute of Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences," that is just it. Semen Longinovich Lepeshkin was the head of the city of Moscow in 1846-1849 years, and it was the most important possession of his family. Manor is well preserved, there were many buildings, their exterior decor, it is known that even in some interior areas of authenticity. Lepeshkin were known entrepreneurs have owned five factories, engaged in a lot of charity work. After the Revolution, the manor housed the organization in some way connected with education, education or science. In 1919, there were courses of the Workers 'and Peasants' Army, as Arkady Gaidar wrote that spent on these courses is exactly one day. In the twenties - Biological Institute of KA Timiryazeva Communist Academy. Now it sit academics astronomers. ...More infoNext to this house another, also owned Lepeshkin
Lepeshkin owned neighboring buildings on the street (№ 50): they created it vocational school seamstresses and lace for orphaned girls. This building has been preserved, it was destroyed during the bombing in World War II.We look at the temple opposite
Opposite the former possessions Lepeshkin is dear to my heart temple Live Trinity Vishniac. For the first time the temple is mentioned in 1642, but as a rebuilt again. It has always been the church of the Moscow musketeers, it changes its name. Current - last produced in 1678, when the archers Colonel Matthew Vishnjakova church rebuilt in stone. During a riot musketeers Vishnjakov was detained, tortured and tonsured as a monk, and what happened to him next is unknown. At the beginning of the XIX century the church begin to rebuild, to the beginning of the war with Napoleon, she was ready to rough. During the fire of 1812 burned down the temple. Only to restore it in 1824. Honorary Citizen Lepeshkin donated for the construction of the church significant amount. His son, Dmitry Lepeshkin also an honorary citizen, was an elder in the church Vishniac 1860. It so happened that twenty years ago I was gilded domes of the church. You should have seen some offering a view! ...More infoDeviated from the route, for the most Orda lane will come to Ordynka and her back toward the center of the house 34
If possible, I would suggest you take a small detour, go to the Big Ordynka, 34, to Martha and Mary Convent. About its history, associated with the name of the legendary Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, about architecture, about architects and artists who worked on the project, detailed in the fifth issue of "Moscow Heritage". So I once again focus on the subject of his professional interests - on the skill builders and engineers. We are engaged in the restoration of the monastery, including the development of the ventilation system. Ventilation is triggered when the service in the church was going to a lot of people. As soon as she started to work for some reason suddenly crypt with remarkable frescoes Corinthian begins to "flow" - the walls going strong condensation. Turned off the ventilation in the temple - a crypt stop crying. Began to understand why and found that when working ventilation, air movement starts strong, he is warm, falls into the basement, and as a result on the cold walls of the crypt there is condensation. And we do not take into account. Now, of course, a solution is found. But initially, in the construction of buildings, all of this into account, and in the crypt supplied air, which is preheated, prepared in special rooms ... ...More infoAfter seeing the monastery, let us return to the Bloc street, now we are interested in the house 64
But back to the Bloc - home to the famous lions. This project is implemented SV Sherwood of the famous architectural dynasty Sherwood. His father Vladimir Osipovich Sherwood built Historical Museum. "House with Lions" is perhaps the most famous non-religious structure Sergei Sherwood, author of the Church of St. Tikhon in Klin, the Kazan cathedral temple Shamordino Holy Amvrosievsky monastery in the Kaluga province, and, unfortunately, has not survived an extension to the church of St. Nicholas Butcher Street. "House with Lions" was built in 1897. The client - Moscow merchant's wife Wilhelmina (Minna) Ivanovna Recco purchased the estate from the beginning built apart from the titular counselor IG Markova. After discussing the design of the building with its author Sergey Sherwood, Minna Rekk made it a major change. Sherwood, who built religious buildings in the neo-Russian style, to create the appropriate Markova his creative writing project, and as a result has built a baroque mansion for Recco. Rich decor is present in the external and internal appearance of the building. But, of course, the most famous decorative elements of the house - two lions, one of which sleeps, the other - awake. After the revolution, Lenin worked for a short time, and later - Secretary of the Crimean Regional Committee of the RCP (B) Zemlyachka organizer cruel executions white officers of Wrangel's army. ...More infoLet's go even farther to the Garden Ring, a huge building to inspect Sytinskaya printing
Will complete a walk in the so-called Sytinskaya printing. Sytin, publisher-nugget of Kostroma province, earned his bread broadside printing of pictures and managed to escape from the ranks of competitors, when at the beginning of Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1978 years published "guide for readers of newspapers" with a map of the area in which hostilities occurred . House on Pjatnitskoj Sytin acquired in 1879, placing it two lithographic machine. Machines drawn Sytin, printed in five colors: up to him splints were painted by hand in three colors, and the time it takes much longer. In his memoirs, Sytin says that he was interested in the development of typographic case and he was dissatisfied with what he did: splint - a low-grade products. Eventually he became a print and literature, and that is the direction of its activity has brought him fame and respect. The building we see today was built for production printing in 1903 by the architect AE Erichson. The first thing that catches the eye - it's windows, simple and elegant at the same time. Printing house was burned down in 1905. Said that the All-Russian strike occurred because "Sytinskaya point." Sytin became compositors pay only letters, finding that punctuation is 12 percent in the set texts. The workers demanded a reduction of working hours to 9 hours per week and salary increases. Sytin agreed, but for commas pay did not. Together with Vladimir Chertkov created Sytin publishing, publish contemporary writers - Garshina, Leskov, Grigorovich, Uspensky, Chekhov. Publisher does not bring extraordinary income as a splint, but did not close it Sytin production. He restored the printing press in a year after the fire. Nevertheless, after the Revolution it was nationalized, and even a personal meeting with Lenin did not help his owner to return the printer. In the building there were printing LN Tolstoy, AM Gorky, VV Mayakovsky. But Sergei Yesenin some time worked in publishing Sytina corrector. ...More infoOur walk is over
Writers houseLavrushinsky lane 17
A typical pre-war 9-story building in Soviet classicism is located between Ordynka and the old complex of the State Tretyakov Gallery. Architect Ivan Nikolaev provided for a multi-stage volume and dismembered the facade with bay windows and balconies. The first two floors are marked with rustic furniture.