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Moscow Art Nouveau
Moscow customers liked all the options modernity - from modern to Northern reserved violent southern temperamental Secession. And this walk you will see the most vivid examples of this style in our city.
Nouveau - a style of architecture in the late XIX - early XX century, turn of the century, the great break from the old to the new. Opening of European culture of Japan gave a powerful blossoming beautiful lines, colors and philosophy of art. His birth marked the onset of a century of great change in art as in life already firmly established machine age, and was in full swing Industrial Revolution. It took passion past, historicism, eclecticism at the turn of the century supplanted by a new, impossibly elegant, symbolic and synthetic universal style. Blend of art and the most advanced engineering solutions. Its main feature - the rejection of straight lines and angles in favor of more natural smooth movement bent "natural" lines. Art Nouveau lines often resemble dancing, undulating arabesques, imbued with organic energy and vitality of plants. Another feature of the new style was the desire of architects and artists to create a single synthetic style in which all the elements of an architectural object, the decoration of its interior would be connected into a single artistic whole. Art Nouveau architects boldly walked to the use of asymmetric solutions in group volumes and location of windows and doorways. Forms of windows, doors, stairs become richer almost indefinitely. A decoration of facades and interiors especially, has reached incredible sophistication.
New style emerged almost simultaneously in many European countries and has received various names - Art Nouveau in France and Belgium, Austria Secession, Art Nouveau in Germany, Liberty in Italy. Were some of the stylistic differences between all areas of style - from modern to Northern reserved violent southern temperamental Secession. Moscow customers liked all variants of this style. They are scattered throughout the city and in one excursion is impossible to tell about all. But we will try to choose the most beautiful buildings of this style.
Exit the metro station Smolenskaya Arbat-Pokrovskaya line, cross the Arbat, go on monetary Lane to the intersection with Glazovskaya and turn right.
We will start from the first mansion in Moscow, built in the Art Nouveau style - House Kekushev-Liszt-Koussevitzky in Glazov lane,. 8. Interestingly, the beautiful panel above the door gave Kekushev another great architect, with whom they were competing and often worked the same project for the same customers - William Walcott. ...More infoTurn back and will go back to the crossroads to the house 4.
A few years later another owner in Glazov Lane wanted to build a house in modern style. His house is made less intricately and delicately, but clean lines, beautiful tiles and complex contour of the roof gives the stylistic features. Before us manor industrialists Pauline - Glazov lane. d. 4Turn right at the cash lane and get to the house 7.
Interestingly, at the same patch fit the first and one of the last buildings in the Art Nouveau style. The draft of the mansion, made for site owners spouses Broido, read receptions French Art Nouveau.Back in Glazov, turn right and walk through the alley to the Big Mogil Pretchistensky per., D. 10.
In Prechistensky Lane Moscow Chamber of housing company has built at the turn of the century two houses for sale in a trendy style. Both famous architect was William Walcott. The first house MF Yakunchikovoy made in the style of an English modernist Walcott Apparently at this time was inspired by the works of English architect Mackintosh from Glasgow. ...More infoCome to the house next door.
The second house of Charles Gutheylya in the style of a more elegant French Art Nouveau. The decoration is dominated by the rococo motifs, giving this small building intimacy and amazing grace. Rocaille ornament and glass hinged canopy over the entrance borrowed from French Art Nouveau.By Prechistenskaya alley we will reach a very Prechistenka, turn right and get to the house 28.
Profitable House Isakov - one of the best examples of the apartment building in the Art Nouveau style in the work of the famous architect Leo Kekushev. Windows on each floor have their bindings. The roof has a break of bizarre. And lions mask on the ledge of the roof clearly indicate the signature of the architect. ...More infoIsakov from home go back a little on Prechistenke, we turn to Sechenovskiy lane and leave the house on Ostozhenka 21.
Only in 1903 the architect Leo Kekushev got his own house. The once high gable of the main street facade is decorated with three-meter sculpture of a lion, made by Austrian architect Otto Wagner. Unfortunately, the figure of a lion is not preserved. Everyone knows that the lion was a "calling card" of the architect. ...More infoLet us turn to the next house.
Next to his mansion Kekushev built apartment house, too, in the Art Nouveau style and recorded it in the name of his beloved wife.And another neighbor will attract our attention, 17.
According to his project and built the house next door 17. To distinguish these two houses can not be. They look like one.Behold, there came a trolleybus №31, we sit down in it and we reach the Arbat Square. Cross the square and go Povarskaya Street. to house 24.
The second house built in Art Nouveau style, the product is considered to be too Kekushev Leo and his assistant S. Schutzmann. The mansion Saarbekova the same flowing lines casements, floral decor, ceramic tile, which is lined facade - signs of fashionable style. The main motive of the facade - elastic, perfectly traced arch windows and entrance. ...More infoGo ahead by Cook. Turn right at the crossroads with the Small Rzhevsky and reach the next intersection with Bread lane.
This intersection can be called the crossroads of three masterpieces of Art Nouveau. Building with a high roof in front of us, on the side facade of which we see majolica panels "Twilight", made in the Abramtsevo studio - this is a wonderful sample of Belgian Art Nouveau style - your own house architect Sergei Solovyov. ...More infoWe look across the street.
Opposite him mansion gold-II Nekrasov built in the style of English Gothic Revival architect or modernity. RI Klein in 1906.And another house at the crossroads attract our attention.
The third corner of this intersection is decorated mansion MA Tarasova, decorative piece that inspired motifs graphics "World of Art". Raznovelikie attics and sloping ceilings mansion gives hobby style bordering on decorating with neoclassic, in particular Empire style.Back on Povarskaya Street. and will go a little further to the house 44.
Mansion Mindovsky certainly the best work of Leo Kekushev. The villa, which is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in Moscow in the style of the Franco-Belgian direction of modernity.Now we turn to Skaryatinsky alley. Leave on Nikitskaya, let's go through it to the Boulevard Ring. Turn left in front of the church aisle Great Ascension and will come to the corner of Little Nikita and streets Spiridonovka.
From the work of Leo Kekushev move on to creativity "storyteller" Franz Shechtel. "The most disgusting specimen of decadent style. There is not a fair line, a single right angle. All ispakoscheno bawdy squiggles, arrogant incompetent Krivulya. The stairs, ceilings, windows - everywhere this vile vulgarity. Now, painted, varnished and therefore more shameless" - so Chukovski wrote in his diary about this building. Mansion Stepan Ryabushinsky added to Shechtel as unsurpassed master of Art Nouveau. ...More infoLet's go a little further along the Little Nikita and leave on Tverskaya Boulevard. The right house number 6.
House Korobkova, unfortunately, after a fire in 1917 has lost much of its decor and become a cripple. And once it was one of the most beautiful buildings in the Art Nouveau style in Moscow.Let's go a little down the boulevard. On the other side of his odd, 9.
Profitable House of merchant I. Korovin was built by the architect Kondratenko. Although the house looks not quite "kondratenkovskim" light balconies, elegant lines of windows, bay windows reminiscent of cooperation Kondratenko and William Walcott. In 1903, the architect built a house on the draft Walcott Moscow Trade and Construction Joint Stock Company. Later, after 1910 Kondratenko get away from the style of Art Nouveau. ...More infoStill go through the boulevard a little closer to Pushkin Square. We are interested in Building 18 on the right.
We conclude our tour at the famous house Smirnov on Tver Boulevard. This is again a work of Franz Shechtel. While here, he simply re-decorate the old homestead, which in 1897 bought the son of the King of Moscow vodka PP Smirnov. Shekhtel reworks facade adds an elegant balcony with beautiful smooth bars, long semi-circular windows, smooth, glazed bay windows. But the real sensation are the interiors of the mansion. Eight ceremonial rooms, assembled in a suite, replace one another architectural style "Romanesque Hall", "Classic room," "Egyptian Hall," "Greek Hall", "Rocaille room", "Antechamber", "Boudoir", "Cabinet" . ...More infoOur walk is over.