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Visiting Chekhov’s places
Over 70 locations in the city in some way connected with the writer’s life. On this walk we will see only a part of it.
We begin a walk from the tube streets (m. "Color boulevard" or "Suharevskaya"). It was here in the now defunct House 36 arrives in 1879, the young Anton Chekhov to his family. In May, his father wrote to him in Taganrog (where Anton exams in high school): "I congratulate you on the upcoming exam, which began this day <...> to come to Moscow for higher education, we want you to come earlier and would have shown their the ability to take, how to live in the family and how you should try to learn from our lack of support, from your letters it is clear that you're smart and rassudliv, God forbid you to be so, and in fact ". And 8 August Anton Chekhov with his friends, and successfully graduated from high school, Saveliev and Zembulatovym arrives at Grachevka or Drachevku where Chekhov lived in the basement and where "smelled damp and the windows could be seen on the ceiling alone heel passers." Czechs petitions addressed to the Rector of Moscow State University for admission to 1st year of medical school, and the number of students in September. In the story "A Boring Story" Chekhov later describe their first impressions about the university: "And here is grim, had not repaired the university gates; bored janitor in a sheepskin coat, a broom, a heap of snow ... in the fresh boy, who came from the province and imagine that the temple of science - in fact the temple, such gates can not make a healthy impression. Generally dilapidated university buildings, corridors gloom, soot walls, lack of light, dull kind of steps, racks and benches in the history of Russian pessimism occupy one of the first places on the number of reasons predisposing ... "
The house in which in 1879-1880 gg. lived AP Czechs
September 20, 1879 Chekhov moved to Building 23 at Pipe Street. Here they occupy the second floor, and, according to the memoirs MP Chekhov, that "this apartment began literary activity brother." He writes in his book "Around Chekhov": "As the father at the time lived in Gavrilova, the fates decreed it took place in the family and brother Anton became a kind of host. The identity of his father receded into the background. Will Anton became dominant. In our family, there were unknown to me until then suddenly sharp fragmentary remarks: "It is not true," "We need to be fair," "Do not lie" and so on. to work together to raise the financial situation of the family. They worked everything as best they could and knew how to " . ...More infoPipe on the street until we reach we Pipe Square, pass it and come to the building on the corner of Boulevard and Petrovsky Neglinnoy street
We went on the tube area. Chekhov wrote about her: "A small area near the Monastery of the Nativity, which is called the Pipe, or just pipes; on Sundays it is bargaining. <...> And Trumpet, this small piece of Moscow, where animals love so dearly and where they are so tormented lives his little life, noise and waves, and the business and Bogomolny people who pass by on the boulevard, it is unclear why this crowd of people gathered this motley mixture of caps, cap and cylinder, what is there to say than trade. " Before us is "School of Modern Drama", and in times of Chekhov is the famous restaurant "Hermitage", owned by the Moscow merchant Jacob Pegova and French cooking Lucien Olivier, the inventor of the famous salad. "Hermitage" was a meeting place for lunch and the Moscow intelligentsia. In April 1879 celebrated its anniversary here Turgenev immediately FM celebrates anniversary Dostoevsky, the centenary of the birth of Alexander Pushkin, were Chaliapin and Sobinov. Often in the restaurant and Anton Chekhov. March 22, 1897 at a dinner in the restaurant "Hermitage" he went throat blood. March 25 Chekhov's longtime friend Dr. NN Obolonskiy took him to the clinic internal medicine professor VV Ostroumova. Here the writer visits AS Suvorin ("The patient laughs, jokes as usual, coughing blood into a large glass") and LN Tolstoy (Chekhov about this: "We Veli preinteresny conversation preinteresny for me because I did more listening than talking. We talked about immortality"). ...More infoNeglinnoy on the street rises to Zvonarsky alley, stop at home 14
In 1896, there were new buildings Sanduny baths and furnished rooms "Turbie". In the housing body in 1902 lived Chekhov. It was the first after the wedding with Olga Knipper Chekhov Moscow apartment: five rooms, with a rare for the time electric lighting, it was located on the ground floor by Zvonarsky lane to the left of the entrance. Olga rented an apartment in November 1901, but only came here Chekhov May 27, 1902, the same day his wife was seriously ill. Very helpful while KS Stanislavsky and AL Wisniewski. Remembering those days, KS Stanislavsky wrote: "They lived in the house Sanduny baths, windows looked out into the alley, in June, the air was horrible, dusty, stuffy, and it was impossible to move anywhere. Everyone left. " Here Chekhov visited AM Gorky, VI Nemirovich-Danchenko, VF Komissarzhevsky, IA Bunin, VA Giljarovsky and artists of the Art Theatre. ...More infoWe go up the lane to Rozhdestvenka, go to the house of 11, which is now occupied by the Moscow Institute of Architecture
Ensemble Stroganov School
Rozhdestvenka, 11, oddly enough, is also closely linked with the name of Chekhov. Not always located here Architectural Institute, in 1882-1883, the building is occupied by the clinic faculty of Moscow University. And it is here that a medical student Chekhov was an intern. In the old University on Moss Chekhov visited less often, and here he worked under the guidance of professors G.A.Zaharina, N.A.Tolskogo and V.F.Snegireva. ...More infoTurn right at the Kuznetsk bridge and go to the intersection with Petrovka
We are near the Central Department Store. For good, we need to go to the beginning of Petrovka to see the oldest part of the store - a former trading house "Muir and Meriliz." Permanent home buyer was AP Czechs. Even their dogs, they say, he called after the owner-Scots. Especially liked Chekhov buying from catalogs. From Yalta he wrote to his sister: "... Dear Masha, quickly Meriliz tell him to send me cash on the wing cap, which he called in the autumn catalog badeykoy (N 216), black astrakhan, choose soft, size 59 inches ... If furazhki- American (N 213), the heat, let Meriliz will send more and cap ... " ...More infoAccording to the Kuznetsk bridge go to the Chamberlain Lane, but first take a look into the courtyard at 7 Big Dmitrijevka
This house is very rich in history, but we are interested in 1883, when there appeared edition of the satirical magazine "Alarm Clock". This is a weekly publication with two thousand subscribers, for which they write, and, consequently, there is I. Dmitriev, FM Reshetnikov, MM Stepanovski, GI Uspensky ... And Anton Chekhov. The illustrations in the magazine under the pseudonym of "F. Sh "and" Fin-Champagne "makes young Fyodor Osipovich Shekhtel, then just Kaminsky and assistant architects of the Terek. ...More infoGo back to the Chamberlain and go to the house 3
The building of the Moscow Art Theatre was rebuilt in 1902 by architect FO Shechtel, which we have just mentioned. Finance all construction and finishing works ST Morozov. In consideration of the architectural project and participated AP Czechs. And in October 1902 Chekhov visited the new building of the Moscow Art Theatre (now bears his name), watched "The Power of Darkness" and "Uncle Vanya." In January 1904, Anton Pavlovich attended the premiere of "The Cherry Orchard" at the Art Theatre. The premiere of the play was dedicated team of theater to the 25th anniversary of the writer's literary activity. Jubilee celebration of the writer was held on his birthday - 17 (29) January 1904 - indoor theater. Unfortunately, the writer was already seriously ill, and the celebration was more like a farewell ... ...More infoWe went out on Tverskaya, cross it through an underpass and go to the Leontief lane to the house 24
The house - a deviation from our route, but nevertheless it is very important to us. House 24 in Leontief Lane associated with the last days of stay in the Chekhov Moscow. Here, on the fourth floor (elevator in the house was) he lived from 3 May to 3 June 1904. Much a cold, exhausted, Anton Pavlovich did not go out of the house, not even went to the Editor "Russian idea". Chekhov visited ID Sytin, VA Giljarovsky, GI Rossolimo and other doctors in the same voice told that we must go abroad for treatment, the resorts. In the end, he decided. ND Teleshov recalled: "Dying food - said AP Czechs. - Bow down to me by your comrades "Environment". Good people you have chosen. Tell them that I remember them, and some very much ... I wish them from happiness and success. The more we have not met ... " June 3, 1904 AP Czechs and OL Knipper went to Germany. 2 (15) in July 1904 in the small town of Badenweiler writer died ... ...More infoReturn to Tver, again turn it and go on Tverskaya Square
Here, at the hotel "Dresden", now absorbed with ancient houses of large buildings, Chekhov stayed at the end of October 1900. However, as Chekhov wrote, "... .in" Dresden "I just spend the night, live on the same Mal. Dmitrovka, d. Sheshkova" (we still find ourselves there). In the "Dresden" writer stopped a second time in May 1901. This hotel met the writer Maxim Gorky and K. Stanislavsky. And we go on and pass by the place (angle Big Dmitrovka and Stoleshnikov), where not so long ago there was a house with a shop in which AP Chekhov liked to buy eyeglasses. ...More infoWe get down on Stoleshnikov, crosses the Grand Dmitrovka and go to the house of 9 Stoleshnikovom
In 1886, being a successful reporter, VA Giljarovsky becomes resident Stoleshnikov Lane. The apartment is on the third floor of the house 9, he wrote, "Moscow and Muscovites". Chekhov liked to come to Gilyarovskogo and relax on the couch, which is called the "small car". All the same Giljarovsky later recalled how he and Chekhov played a joke on the policeman, thrusting his salty watermelon under the guise of a bomb, and went to drink tea in Stoleshnikov, while near the site where the "bomb" was delivered, unfolded the whole idea. ...More infoGo to the end of the lane and turn left at Petrovka, we pass to the house 19
Arriving in Moscow April 24, 1903, Chekhov lived here in the house Korovin. Writer rented an apartment in the outbuildings housing (right behind the arch) - "in the courtyard, right, then right, then left, then right staircase, the third floor." The apartment was first read the play "The Cherry Orchard" in the garden "Hermitage" at the same time the rehearsals. AP Chekhov wrote in a letter: "The apartment is great ... order a sample." But to climb the stairs to the third floor was a writer for the patient, as he put it, "a feat martyr." ...More infoContinue going in the direction of the boulevards, but before going to the Holy, we turn to Peter Lane
To the former theater Korsch (now "Theatre of Nations"), we can not go. After all, Chekhov's theatrical activity is primarily concerned with the Peter Lane and the building. At the theater was first staged play "Ivanov."Go back to Petrovka, we reach the Passion Boulevard and turn left, to the house 12
House AF Redlich
February 19, 1882 was founded the first Russian gymnastic society in Moscow. Among its founders were writers VA Giljarovsky (later Chairman) and AP Czechs, by pure chance. The Company is in the house on the Redlich Passion Boulevard. In the 1880s it housed Gymnastic Society classes gymnastics and fencing. Giljarovsky described as Anton Pavlovich became a member of the society: "From this day on, we began to meet very often in the" Alarm Clock "and" spectator "Vsevolod Davydov. Just friends did. Once at the table in my house, in a casual conversation about the Russian gymnastics society, he said smiling: - I'm also a founding member of gymnastic society. Seletskii me and my brother Nicholas wrote in founders ... So, for the account ... That's where we are with you, Gil, and met. Do you remember? Since there was nothing to be ashamed, I said frankly: - No, I do not remember. And he told Anton Pavlovich, as it randomly started Seletsky, then chairman of the society, to the gym in the house Redlich Strastnoy Boulevard: - In the midst of the great hall two huge figures in the Iron Mask, bibs and huge gloves struggled beating each other over the head and sides of the iron bars, so that the sparks fly - look scary. I admire them and I think that I live three hundred years ago. Around a few people on the benches spectators. And we sat down. Seletsky said that one of the fighters - Tarasov, the first soldier to Spadroon throughout Russia, teacher society, and the other, in high boots, his regular partner - a poet Giljarovsky. Seletskii introduced me to both of you, and you never looked at me, but I squeezed his hand so that I almost cried. Czechs have since never been more in the gymnastic society, but we talked about it many times afterwards, and in the 90s he even introduced a membership fee and then became the number of members wanting to make me chairman of the society, pleasant. " ...More infoProceed Boulevard, go to the majestic building at the corner of Boulevard and Petrovka
Strastnoy Boulevard at Peter's gate during the time the student Chekhov there were hospital clinic. In the years 1883-1884 Chekhov saw patients in a therapeutic clinic and the clinic of nervous diseases, take tests and doing surgery. The final course was particularly difficult upcoming final exams. "To sleep badly want - reported Chekhov NA Leikin in January 1884 - 3am. Tomorrow I get up early and go to the hospital ... " ...More infoNow move to the Garden Ring, on Petrovka and carriage number go to the garden "Hermitage"
New Opera in the Hermitage Garden
Although almost nothing in the garden and did not survive, we still go in here. After the premiere of "The Seagull" was held at the Art Theater December 17, 1898 in rented premises "Hermitage". In the same room the theater showed contemporaries premiere of two pieces AP Chekhov's "Uncle Vanya" (26 November 1899) and "Three Sisters" (31 January 1901). ...More infoCross the garden, go to the Assumption lane and move it to the Malaya Dmitrovka, stop right on the corner near the house 12
Urban estate Shubin - I.A.Sytenko - A.E.Vladimirova
Arriving from Yalta to Moscow April 12, 1899, Chekhov stayed with relatives in the house on Malaya Dmitrovka Vladimirov, but stayed here for a few days: "The apartment I did not like, had to move ..." However, he moved very close, in fact, through the intersection.Cross the street and just dive into the Tar lane
Profitable House AA Sheshkova
House Sheshkova, Apt. 14 - this is a new address Chekhov. Entrance to the apartment was a Tar lane. Native writer reported that it had hired an apartment for a year. However, August 25, 1899 he went to Yalta, where he returned to the house in October 1900 and lived here until 10 December of the same year. In this house April 27, 1899 he was visited by LN Thick, but, as he wrote Chekhov, "... talk to him could not because it was a lot of things to the people, including two actors, deeply convinced that there is nothing above the theater in the world." At the home of Chekhov also eaten AM Gorky, VI Nemirovich-Danchenko, II Levitan, IA Bunin, VA Giljarovsky. In this apartment lived and the writer's sister, MP Chekhov, who taught in high school Rzhev. In 1910, the house was built on. ...More infoLet us return to Malaya Dmitrovka, turn left and get to the house 29
Exhibition Hall "Chekhov's house"
In 1890 the family moved to Chekhov Small Dmitrovka, 29, a small two-storey house. Back in early December 1890 from Sakhalin, the writer lived in the lodge house №29 on the right side of the yard, on the second floor, where he lived until 1892. Here he worked on the story "The Grasshopper", "Duel", "Chamber №6" and met with VG Korolenko, DV Grigorovich, VA Gilyarovski, PD Boborykin, VI Nemirovich-Danchenko, II Levitan. In December 1890, Chekhov wrote NA Leikin: "I live now in Malaya Dmitrovka, good street, house mansion, two floors. It is not boring, but boredom already looks to me through the window and shakes his finger." From February 1892 to 1898 Chekhov does not have a permanent apartment in Moscow and stayed at the hotel. Today, the house is located in Exhibition Hall "Chekhov's house." ...More infoHere, at the lodge, which is now located showroom, we graduated from our walk